A limousine (/ˈlɪməziːn/ or /lɪməˈziːn/) is a luxury vehicle driven by a chauffeur with a partition between the driver’s compartment and the passenger’s compartment.
A car with a partition and a greatly lengthened wheelbase is called a “stretch limousine”.
In some countries, a “limousine service” is a pre-booked hire car with driver, regardless of the type of vehicle.
In German-speaking countries, a Limousine is simply a sedan, while a lengthened-wheelbase car is called Stretch-Limousine
The last production limousine, by Cadillac, with forward-facing jump seats was in 1987 (with their Fleetwood Series 75 model), the last Packard in 1954, and the last Lincoln in 1939, though Lincoln has offered limousines through their dealers as special order vehicles at times. Several Lincoln Premier cars were also built, one being owned by Elvis Presley. Vehicles of this type in private use may contain expensive audio players, televisions, video players, and bars, often with refrigerators. The President of the United States has ridden in a variety of types of limousine stretching back to 1899.
In the United States the most popular vehicles for stretch limousines conversion are the Lincoln Town Car, Cadillac XTS, Cadillac Escalade, Chrysler 300, Hummer H2, Ford Excursion, and the Lincoln Navigator.
Due to the partition behind the driver, the London black cabs are a type of limousine. The jump seats, also referred to as taxi-tip-seats, usually carry advertising on the underside; the advertisements are visible to the passengers when the tip-seats are not in use.
In the U.S., Canada and Australia, “limousine service” (also known as “car service”) is the process of pre-booked hire of any car with a driver. The car is usually a luxury car, but not necessarily a limousine.
The difference between a limousine service and a taxi service is that limousines are pre-booked and cannot be hired on the spot.
Cadillac XTS Limousine
Chrysler 300 Limousine
Great Wall Hover π
FAW Hongqi Limousine
Hyundai Equus Limousine
IKCO Samand Sarir
Lincoln MKS Limousine
Lincoln MKT Livery
Lincoln Navigator L
Lincoln Town Car Limousine
SsangYong Chairman W Limousine
Toyota Century Royal‡
Aurus Senat Limousine‡
Proton Perdana Limousine‡
Stretch limousines are longer than normal limousines, usually in order to accommodate more passengers. Stretch limousines may have seating along the sides of the cabin.
A “stretch limousine” was created in Fort Smith, Arkansas, around 1928 by a coach company named Armbruster. Armbruster’s cars were primarily used to transport famous “big band” leaders, such as Glenn Miller and Benny Goodman, and their bands and equipment. These early stretch limousines were often called “big band buses”. Armbruster called their lengthened cars “extended-wheelbase multi-door auto-coaches”. Their 12-passenger people movers were used by hotels, taxis, airlines, corporations and tour companies.